Vol.62 No.1（245）,June, 2015
- Reconsideration of “wooden frame features”: Did leaching facilities exist in the Jōmon period?
- KURISHIMA Yoshiaki
Abstract: Wooden frames are the most ubiquitously detected features at lowland sites of the Jōmon period. Composed of wooden boards or logs, these features are often configured in the shape of a square wooden well lining, and from the recovery in the environs of nuts such as chestnuts, horse chestnuts, and walnuts, an understanding of them as leaching facilities has become commonplace, by reason of an alleged relationship with tochidana (frames for horse chestnut leaching) known from folklore examples. This contribution makes a consideration of the form and structure of Jōmon period wooden frame features, conducts comparative research based on those results with tochidana of folklore materials, and considers anew these features’ nature and function. While there is variation in refinement regarding the composition and reinforcement due to the water source’s topography, volume, and soil qualities, renovations of the features on account of these factors plus continual utilization are also thought to have contributed as background to the promotion of variety in wooden frame features. In connection with the consumption of kozawashi, a gruel made of horse chestnut flour, tochidana are used as leaching facilities for removing the bitterness. Many researchers up to the present have taken the wooden stakes and frames (in the shape of well linings) as vaguely analogous with the desk leg portions and shelves of tochidana, in evaluating these features as facilities for leaching the bitterness from horse chestnuts with naturally welling groundwater, but this hypothesis is completely without basis. While wooden frame features should be assessed as facilities for water utilization set up at locations of naturally welling water, they were not particularly specialized facilities for leaching.Key words wooden frame features;leaching facilities;kozawashi(horse chestnut flour gruel);tochidana(frames for horse chestnut leaching).
- The structure of distribution in the western region of Hizen province seen from archaeological perspective
- SHIBATA Ryō
Abstract: From the latter half of the eleventh through the start of the thirteenth centuries, the Ōmura bay coastal region is thought to have been located on a trade route related to the trade with Song China due to the large volumes of trade ceramics that are recovered. While it had been presumed that the Shiraigawa site served as a base for trade within the bay, the site’s nature has not been clear. From an analysis of the recovered artifacts, the Shiraigawa site is inferred to have been a base for distribution over the zone within the bay. Also, from an examination of the discoveries of steatite bowls, the possibility is pointed out that trade ceramics which circulated within Ōmura bay was a commodity being exchanged in the trade between Hakata and the Ryūkyū archipelago.Key words Western Hizen region structure of distribution ; trade ceramics ; steatite bowls ; Ryūyū archipelago.
- Reconsideration of constricted flat-bottomed pottery in the Okinawa Islands: Basic tasks for clarifying the transition in ceramic culture at the start of the Gusuku period
- YOMINE Yukiya
Abstract: Ceramic culture changed in the Okinawa Islands at the start of the Gusuku period from constricted flat-bottomed pottery to Gusuku ware. While this ceramic transition is a significant phenomenon relevant to the establishment of the Gusuku period pattern of livelihood, much remains unclear regarding the transition process. Accordingly, as a basic task for clarifying the ceramic culture transition at the start of the Gusuku period, this paper conducted a typological ordering of constricted flat-bottomed pottery. To begin with, the Akajangā and Fensa lower strata types were combined as comprising the “constricted flat-bottomed style.” Then, based on changes in the method of applying decoration and the form of the vessel base, this style was divided into three phases, clarifying the transition of the constricted flat-bottomed style until just prior to the establishment of Gusuku ware.Key words Okinawa Islands ; Late Kaizuka 2 period ; Gusuku period ; constricted flat-bottomed pottery ; Gusuku ware.
REPORTS, NEWS AND APPEALS
- Is it religious issue or not? How we can recognize destruction of cultural properties in present Islamic countries
- NOGUCHI Atsushi
- Message from Miyagi four years after the great earthquake disaster
- FUJISAWA Atsushi
- Report of attendance at the International Expert Meeting on “Cultural Heritageand Disaster
Resilient Communities” within the framework of the 3rd UN World Conference on Disaster Risk
- TERAMAE Naoto and KIKUCHI Yoshirō
- The Second Asia-Pacific Regional Conference on Underwater Cultural Heritage and its consequences
- IWABUCHI Akifumi and NAKANISHI Yumiko
- Observation of the mounds of Nobono Tumuli and Tannowa-Nisanzai Tumulus (Udo-no-haka)
- NAKAKUBO Tatsuo and KAWACHI Kazuhiro
- KAKUDA Noriyuki. Establishment and Development of Tatara steel making method.
- UWAGAKI Takeshi
- TAWARA Kanji. Post-colonialist Vietnamese Archaeology: Beyond the ‘Vietnamese Model’ and
- YOSHIDA Yasuyuki
- TANAKA Migaku. Looking at the Modern World Through Archaeology.
- MORIOKA Hideto
IN THE DAWN OF THE SOCIETY
- Interview with KŌMOTO Kiyoshi: From the excavation of the Tsukinowa Tumulus to the Society of
- Interviewers: YAMAMOTO Etsuyo and IWASAKI Shiho
MEMORIES OF THE SOCIETY
SIXTY YEARS OF THE SOCIETY SEEN FROM THE PUBLICATIONS
- Festival at the Takaoka Shrine, Kochi Prefecture
- YOSHIDA Hiroshi
- Excavation report of Tell Ali Al-Haji, Rumeilah, a Bronze-Iron Age settlement on Syrian Euphrates
- ISHIDA Keiko and KINOSHITA Naoko